Indoor Air Quality
Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) refers to the quality of the air within buildings and structures, specifically how it affects the health and comfort of occupants. Poor indoor air quality can lead to various health problems, discomfort, and reduced productivity. Several factors contribute including the presence of pollutants, humidity levels, ventilation, and temperature.
Common indoor pollutants that can impact air quality include:
- Particulate Matter: These are tiny particles suspended in the air, often originating from sources like dust, pollen, pet dander, and tobacco smoke. They can cause respiratory issues and allergies.
- Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs): VOCs are emitted from various household products such as paints, cleaning agents, furniture, and carpets. Prolonged exposure to high levels of VOCs can lead to respiratory and neurological issues.
- Radon: Radon is a radioactive gas that can seep into buildings from the ground. Long-term exposure to high levels of radon is linked to an increased risk of lung cancer.
- Mold and Mildew: These thrive in damp environments and can release spores that worsen allergies and respiratory conditions.
- Carbon Monoxide (CO): CO is a colorless, odorless gas produced by incomplete combustion of fuels. It can lead to carbon monoxide poisoning, which can be fatal.
- Formaldehyde: This is a VOC found in some building materials and furnishings. Prolonged exposure can cause irritation and has been classified as a carcinogen.
Here are some options available from Canada Radon for improving the air quality in your home:
- Radon Testing: Test your home for radon regularly.
- Radon Mitigation: If elevated levels are detected, consider installing a radon mitigation system.
- HEPA Filter: Consider using air purifiers with HEPA filters to remove particles and allergens from the air.
- Heat Recovery (HRV) or Energy Recovery (ERV) Ventilation Systems: Ensure good airflow by adding either a HRV (Heat Recovery Ventilation System) or an ERV (Energy Recovery Ventilation System). Adequate ventilation helps dilute indoor pollutants and brings in fresh outdoor air.
Remember that different buildings and homes have unique circumstances.If you're unsure about your indoor air quality options, contact Canada Radon to ensure the health and safety of your household.